Protective Clay Plaque from Ur

Protective Clay Plaque from Ur

We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

The Evil Eye: A Closer Look

Everyone gets a dirty look now and then, and we usually think little of it (especially if we deserved it). For most of us it is soon shrugged off, but in many places belief in "the evil eye" is taken very seriously, and requires immediate action to avoid harm.

The evil eye is a human look believed to cause harm to someone or something. The supernatural harm may come in the form of a minor misfortune, or more serious disease, injury — even death. Folklorist Alan Dundes, in his edited volume "The Evil Eye: A Casebook" notes that "the victim's good fortune, good health, or good looks — or unguarded comments about them — invite or provoke an attack by someone with the evil eye . Symptoms of illness caused by the evil eye include loss of appetite, excessive yawning, hiccups, vomiting and fever. If the object attacked is a cow, its milk may dry up if a plant or fruit tree, it may suddenly wither and die."

The evil eye is also said to cause a number of other maladies including insomnia, fatigue, depression and diarrhea. In many places, disease is considered a magical as well as a medical issue, and the reason a given person succumbs to a malady may be attributed to a curse instead of random chance or exposure to a virus. It can even affect objects and buildings: The evil eye cast upon a vehicle may break down irreparably, while a house so cursed may soon develop a leaky roof or an insect infestation. Just about anything that goes wrong may be blamed on the power of the evil eye.

Bible Verses about Protection

Here we have gathered the best Bible verses about protection from the Word of God. Psalm 91 mentions God's protection saying "My refuge and my fortress, my God, in whom I trust." Through faith, worship, and prayer we are protected from evil forces both external and internal by committing ourselves to the righteous will of the Lord.

Just because we are under God’s care, it doesn’t stop the storms from happening around us. But it does provide incredible strength and protection for every battle we face in this life. But the storms never have full reign, for right in the midst He reminds us: You are held secure by a Mighty God. You may feel some wind, you may hear the loud thunder, and see darkness or rain all around. But His covering of protection and love surround, you don't face it alone.

A Prayer for Strength and Protection Lord God, heavenly Father, you know that we are set in the midst of so many and great dangers, that by reason of the frailty of our nature we cannot always stand upright: Grant us such strength and protection, to support us in all danger, and carry us through all temptations through your Son, Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. (Source: Martin Luther, the German Litany, Third Collect). For more prayers visit our collection of Prayers for Protection and Safety

Discover the top protection scriptures in this collection of Bible passages.

Gum Disease and Heart Disease

Over the years, many studies have found that people with gum disease are more likely to also have poor heart health, including heart attacks.

A 2009 paper on the relationship between heart disease and gum disease was issued by the American Academy of Periodontology and The American Journal of Cardiology. Its joint recommendations encourage cardiologists to ask their patients about any gum disease problems. In addition, periodontists are encouraged to ask their patients about any family history of heart disease as well as their own heart health.

What are the environmental causes of tooth surface erosion?

Friction, wear and tear, stress, and corrosion (or any combination of these actions) can cause erosion of the tooth surface. More clinical terms used to describe these mechanisms include:

  • Attrition. This is natural tooth-to-tooth friction that happens when you clench or grind your teeth such as with bruxism, which often occurs involuntarily during sleep.
  • Abrasion. This is physical wear and tear of the tooth surface that happens with brushing teeth too hard, improper flossing, biting on hard objects (such as fingernails, bottle caps, or pens), or chewing tobacco.
  • Abfraction. This occurs from stress fractures in the tooth such as cracks from flexing or bending of the tooth.
  • Corrosion. This occurs chemically when acidic content hits the tooth surface such as with certain medications like aspirin or vitamin C tablets, highly acidic foods, GERD, and frequent vomiting from bulimia or alcoholism.

More findings show bulimia as a cause of enamel erosion and tooth decay. Bulimia is an eating disorder that's associated with binge eating and vomiting, a source of acid. Frequent vomiting erodes tooth enamel and can lead to cavities.


Saliva plays a key role in keeping teeth healthy and strong. Not only does saliva increase the health of the body tissues, it protects enamel by coating the teeth in protective calcium and other minerals. Saliva also dilutes erosive agents such as acid, removes waste material from the mouth, and boosts protective substances that help fight mouth bacteria and disease.

In a healthy mouth, calcium-rich saliva helps strengthen teeth, even if you drink an acidic soda or juice. Yet when you go overboard and ingest a lot of acidic foods and beverages, this strengthening process on the teeth no longer occurs.


Dollars in Detail guide

Refer to this comprehensive guide for in-depth technical information on U.S. currency.

Play Money Coloring Sheets

These printable coloring sheets of denominations $1, $2, $5, $10, $20, and $100 are intended for children, parents, and teachers.

Decoding Dollars: the $100 Brochure & Poster

This brochure contains information about how to recognize and use security features in the $100 note. It unfolds into a poster that can be displayed in a breakroom or at a point of sale.

Quick Reference Guide

The Quick Reference Guide is a comprehensive resource on the security and design features of U.S. currency. This item unfolds and can be displayed next to a point of sale as an easy-to-use reference.

Multinote Booklet

This 12-page booklet contains detailed information about the security and design features in the redesigned $100 note and those in the current-design $5, $10, $20, and $50 notes.

Brochure and Poster for $100 Note

This multi-purpose material features the security features in the redesigned $100 note. Its unique design unfolds from a brochure to a poster that can be displayed for both employees and consumers.

Multinote Poster

This poster features the security features in the redesigned $100 note and those in the current-design $5, $10, $20, and $50 notes.

Know Your Money

This comprehensive guide includes technical information on the security and design features of the current-design $5, $10, $20, $50, and $100 notes.

$100 Note (2013-Present)

Explore security and design features of the $100 note, issued 2013-present.

$100 Note (1996-2013)

Explore security and design features of the $100 note, issued 1996-2013

$100 Note (1990-1996)

Explore security and design features of the $100 note, issued 1990-1996.

$100 Note (1914-1990)

Explore security and design features of the $100 note, issued 1914-1990.

6 Bible Verses About Angels Providing Protection

God's angels are truly watching over us. He makes this point clear in Scriptures throughout the Bible. Read on for six Bible verses that remind us there are angels watching over you.

As humans, we typically imagine God&rsquos protection as a magical force field that keeps us from all harm. While God has the ability to stop evil, we have to remember that we live in a fallen world where we have free will. Because of this, sometimes God works in ways that we do not understand. Instead, God&rsquos protection can come in the form of peace and strength in the middle of despair, possibly in the form of angels.

As believers in Jesus, we are promised a new life covered under the protection of God and His angels in which nothing can ever separate us from His love. We can rest easy knowing that no matter what hardship we face, God is our provider and protector. He sends down His angels to watch over us and protect us from the harm of the world. These angels can give us peace so we can focus on knowing there is a bigger plan that God has chosen us for.

Angels have been cited all throughout the bible for their amazing ability to protect those in harm. Here are words straight from the Book of God that remind us that we are protected by God&rsquos angels.

Psalm 91:11

&rdquoFor He will give His angels charge concerning you, to guard you in all your ways.&ldquo

This translates literally to mean that God will instruct His angels to watch over individuals. God will give each of His angels a purpose: to guard His children. Those who are faithful will be under the constant care of His angels.

Luke 4:10

&rdquoFor it is written, &lsquoHe will command His angels concerning you to guard you carefully.&rsquo&rdquo

In this chapter of Luke, Satan challenged Jesus to throw Himself off the highest point of the temple by citing that God would protect Jesus with His angels. However when citing the Psalm 91:11 verse, Satan purposefully omitted &ldquoin all your ways&rdquo thus changing the meaning. The fact is that God sends His angels to protect those who have committed themselves to His loving care, not to those who want to put Him to the test.

Psalm 34:7

&rdquoThe angel of the Lord encamps around those who fear Him, and He delivers them.&rdquo

The angel of the Lord can mean any one of God&rsquos angels. In this passage, it is noted that God would send His angels down to His true loyal children and rescue them from danger. His angels will lift us up and keep us from harm if we choose to trust in Him.

Matthew 18:10

"See that you do not despise one of these little ones, for I say to you that their angels in heaven continually see the face of My Father who is in heaven.&rdquo

Here, Jesus speaks of how God values each of His children. Because He loves each of us so much, God assigns angels to each of us for our protection. No matter who you are, how low you may feel in life, God doesn&rsquot discriminate who gets angels to watch over them. Instead, He tells others to &ldquonot despise&rdquo one another. In addition, the angels have direct access to God and are a helpful communication liaison between heaven and earth.

Hebrews 1:14

&ldquoAre not all angels ministering spirits sent to serve those who will inherit salvation?&rdquo

Angels are sent by God to protect us so that we are able to inherit God&rsquos kingdom in heaven. Angels are servants of God that carry out His will and work for our good. Here, we are given protection and shelter by the angels by their ability to assist us in our deliverance from sin and being gifted by eternal life in heaven.

Exodus 23:20

&ldquoSee, I am sending an angel ahead of you to guard you along the way and to bring you to the place I have prepared.&rdquo

This is a great example of God showing how He can use His angels to protect His children. The Lord was promising the Israelites that they would be guided by an angel to the Promised Land of Canaan. The Israelites were protected during their journey through the wilderness because they trusted in God and His promises.

These bible verses serve as reminders that God&rsquos angels will always watch over us. If we trust in God and His plan for us, we will be protected by His angels as we walk throughout life. Angels are a direct way for us to connect with the Lord, so we should accept their protection and trust in their abilities.

History of brickmaking

Mud brick, dried in the sun, was one of the first building materials. It is conceivable that on the Nile, Euphrates, or Tigris rivers, following floods, the deposited mud or silt cracked and formed cakes that could be shaped into crude building units to build huts for protection from the weather. In the ancient city of Ur, in Mesopotamia (modern Iraq), the first true arch of sun-baked brick was made about 4000 bc . The arch itself has not survived, but a description of it includes the first known reference to mortars other than mud. A bitumen slime was used to bind the bricks together.

Burned brick, no doubt, had already been produced simply by containing a fire with mud bricks. In Ur the potters discovered the principle of the closed kiln, in which heat could be controlled. The ziggurat at Ur is an example of early monumental brickwork perhaps built of sun-dried brick the steps were replaced after 2,500 years (about 1500 bc ) by burned brick.

As civilization spread eastward and westward from the Middle East, so did the manufacture and use of brick. The Great Wall of China (210 bc ) was built of both burned and sun-dried bricks. Early examples of brickwork in Rome were the reconstruction of the Pantheon ( ad 123) with an unprecedented brick and concrete dome, 43 metres (142 feet) in diameter and height, and the Baths of Hadrian, where pillars of terra-cotta were used to support floors heated by roaring fires.

Enameling, or glazing, of brick and tile was known to the Babylonians and Assyrians as early as 600 bc , again stemming from the potter’s art. The great mosques of Jerusalem (Dome of the Rock), Isfahan (in Iran), and Tehrān are excellent examples of glazed tile used as mosaics. Some of the blues found in these glazes cannot be reproduced by present manufacturing processes.

Western Europe probably exploited brick as a building and architectural unit more than any other area in the world. It was particularly important in combating the disastrous fires that chronically affected medieval cities. After the Great Fire of 1666, London changed from being a city of wood and became one of brick, solely to gain protection from fire.

Bricks and brick construction were taken to the New World by the earliest European settlers. The Coptic descendants of the ancient Egyptians on the upper Nile River called their technique of making mud brick tōbe. The Arabs transmitted the name to the Spaniards, who, in turn, brought the art of adobe brickmaking to the southern portion of North America. In the north the Dutch West India Company built the first brick building on Manhattan Island in 1633.


This article reviewed the papers related to the impact of bentonite on body health. It seems that bentonite, as an abundant natural element, holds the properties to be regarded as a therapy in a broad spectrum of disorders. By searching between more than 2500 articles in Pubmed about bentonite clay, it was determined that about 100 articles were related to the effect of bentonite on body function. The results, which were reviewed in this article, suggest that bentonite has enough encouraging characteristics to merit further investigation. Considering that Mother Nature has a cure for everything, the assessment of natural elements such as this clay should be considered in modern medicine.

Watch the video: LIVING OFF GRID in a FOREST CABIN - What We Do at Night. BLOWTORCH u0026 FIRE to PROTECT WOOD -