Roman theatre, Gades

Roman theatre, Gades

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Roman theatre, Gades - History

There are lesson plans, video clips (Requires free Real Player.) and interactive features such as the Emperor of Rome Game, Who Are You? Quiz, Virtual Library, and the Timeline. These all showcase some of the most intriguing and historically significant people, places, and events from first century Rome. As part of this, students study world history, social studies, geography, science, mathematics, communication arts, religion, sociology, behavioral studies, current events, mythology, economics, theater, and engineering design in grades 6-12.

The focus of this lesson is for students to get an understanding of the Roman lifestyle - what did they wear, eat, and do for fun? Where did they live, work, and relax? What were the common customs and traditions, religious beliefs, and culture like?

In this lesson, students will discuss the merits of heredity rule and some of the problems of choosing a leader who is imposed upon a country.

Students will examine various aspects of religion in ancient Rome including the role of mythology, polytheism versus monotheism, the treatment of Jews and Christians, and the spread of Christianity.

In this lesson, students will compare a map of the Roman Empire in 44 BC with one of the Roman Empire in 116 AD. Using these two maps as a reference, students will use critical reading skills to learn about the expansion of the Roman Empire during that time period.

Students will produce a classroom documentary about important historical figures from the Roman Empire showing when each of these people lived and their impact/contributions to the empire.

This lesson focuses on the extreme violence that permeated Roman society and how that violence may have attributed to the downfall of the Roman Empire.

Students will learn about Roman architecture, technology, and medicine by becoming teachers for a day in this lesson.

In this lesson, students will examine the various social classes and learn about the critical role that slaves, freemen, and plebeians played in the day-to-day operations of the Roman Empire.


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Hypocaust, in building construction, open space below a floor that is heated by gases from a fire or furnace below and that allows the passage of hot air to heat the room above. This type of heating was developed by the Romans, who used it not only in the warm and hot rooms of the baths but also almost universally in private houses in the northern provinces.

Many examples of such hypocausts exist in villa and house foundations in Roman centres in Germany and England. The usual custom was to lead the hot air from a hypocaust into a single vertical flue in the wall of the room to be heated, through which the hot air and smoke escaped into the open air. Where greater warmth was desired, several flues would lead up from the hypocaust in the side walls of the room at times these wall flues consisted of hollow oblong tiles set close together entirely around the room.

The usual construction of a basement hypocaust consisted of a layer of tiles laid continuously in a bed of concrete for the bottom surface. Piers approximately 8 inches (20 cm) square and about 2 feet apart were used as the supports for the hypocaust’s internal space. The floor above was made of concrete or of large square tiles supporting a bed of concrete, on which the finished floor of marble or mosaic tessera was laid.

Roman theatre, Gades - History

The Romans built Britain's first towns. They built towns all over Britain as centers to administer the people they had conquered. Within 17 years of the invasion, they had several major towns in place. connected by the famous Roman roads.

Towns soon became important places for meetings and trade.

Reconstruction of Roman Sichester

What were Roman towns like?

The Roman towns were full of fine buildings and temples.

The Romans liked everything to be organised and orderly. Streets were laid out in neat, straight lines, like on a chess-board. In the middle there was a large square, called the forum. It was used as a market place and for meetings. It had shops and offices on three sides and government offices on the other side.

Many towns had running water and sewers. Aqueducts were bridges for bringing water to the towns.

Only the rich had water piped to their houses everyone else used water from public fountains. The only toilets were public lavatories, which were built around the town and connected to underground sewers.

What could you find in most Roman towns?

Most towns would also have shops as well as the forum. At one end of the forum was a large building called the basilica. There were temples too where the Roman gods were worshipped. Some towns had public baths, an open-air theatre and huge monumental arches.

What was the general layout of a Roman town?

Throughout their empire the Romans built towns in exactly the same style. They were designed in the form of a grid, with streets built at right angles to each other and parallel with one of the two main roads.

The streets of Roman towns were between five and eight metres wide. Their width depended upon their importance.

Each town had two main roads. One heading North-South and the other East-West. At the point where these roads met was the town centre, where the administrative centre and the forum were found.

The central part of the towncontained the main businesses, with the homes and dwellings of the citizens further towards the edges of the town.

What were Roman buildings made of?

Buildings were made of stone and brick. They were so well built that we have been able to excavate many Roman buildings and even towns.

Corbridge Roman Town as it might have looked and some of its remains today.

What were the largest towns the Romans built in Britain?

The three largest were London, Colchester and St. Albans. Colchester was their main town.

What were the names of the Roman towns?

The Romans called our towns different names to what we know them as today.

Every town with a name ending in 'chester' or 'caster' or ' cester' was once a Roman town e.g. Doncaster, Dorchester and Cirencester.

Digging up the Romans
Town life: work, rest and play

© Copyright - please read
All the materials on these pages are free for homework and classroom use only. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the author Mandy Barrow.

©Copyright Mandy Barrow 2013

I teach computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.

Roman Gods Vs Greek God Names

Roman name of God Greek name of God Description
Jupiter Zeus He was the master of the gods and the main god of the
Romans. In his hand he held thunderbolts which he could hurl from the sky.
Juno Hera She was the wife of Jupiter, the goddess of women and fertility. Her symbols were a pomegranate and a peacock.
Mars Ares He was the god of war, the strongest and most fearsome god, except for Jupiter.
Venus Aphrodite She was the goddess of love and beauty.
Minerva Athene She was the goddess of wisdom, learning, art crafts and industry. Her symbol was the owl.
Neptune Poseidon He was the powerful god of the sea. His symbol was the trident.
Ceres Demeter She was the goddess of the harvest, always depicted carrying a bundle of grain.
Vulcan Hephaistos He was the blacksmith of the gods and a god of the underworld. If he stoked his furness too hard volcanos

might erupt. He was the god of blacksmiths and volcano

wherever a god might send him. He was the god of travellers and tradesmen.

Roman Gods Worksheets

This bundle contains 10 ready-to-use Roman Gods Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about the Olympians which are a group of 12 gods who ruled after the overthrow of the Titans. All the Olympians are related in some way. They are named after their dwelling place, Mount Olympus.

Download includes the following worksheets:

  • Roman Gods Facts.
  • My Favorite Roman God.
  • Roman Gods Wordsearch.
  • Fill in the Blanks.
  • Guess the God.
  • Roman Gods Crossword.
  • True or False.
  • Roman Gods Unscrambling.
  • Roman Gods Poster.
  • Map of Ideas.

Link/cite this page

If you reference any of the content on this page on your own website, please use the code below to cite this page as the original source.

Use With Any Curriculum

These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.

Person (n.)

c. 1200, persoun , "an individual, a human being," from Old French persone "human being, anyone, person" (12c., Modern French personne ) and directly from Latin persona "human being, person, personage a part in a drama, assumed character," originally "a mask, a false face," such as those of wood or clay, covering the whole head, worn by the actors in later Roman theater. OED offers the general 19c. explanation of persona as "related to" Latin personare "to sound through" (i.e. the mask as something spoken through and perhaps amplifying the voice), "but the long o makes a difficulty . " Klein and Barnhart say it is possibly borrowed from Etruscan phersu "mask." De Vaan has no entry for it.

From mid-13c. as "one of the persons of the Trinity," a theological use in Church Latin of the classical word. Meanings "one's physical being, the living body external appearance" are from late 14c. In grammar, "one of the relations which a subject may have to a verb," from 1510s. In legal use, "corporate body or corporation other than the state and having rights and duties before the law," 15c., short for person aggregate (c. 1400), person corporate (mid-15c.).

The use of -person to replace -man in compounds for the sake of gender neutrality or to avoid allegations of sexism is recorded by 1971 (in chairperson ). In person "by bodily presence" is from 1560s. Person-to-person is attested by 1919, originally of telephone calls.

Differences Between Modern Construction and Roman Architecture

Imagine building a city without electricity, heavy machinery, vehicles, and modern tools. Pick a structure such as a library, office tower, or government building. Write down the equipment and materials it would take to assemble one of these constructions today. Next, have brainstorm about ways the Romans assembled such large assemblies with limited tools and resources.

Project: “Then and Now”

  • Poster Board
  • Ruler
  • Pictures from the Internet, magazines or books
  • Pencils, markers, colored pencils
  • Glue
  • Scissors

Assembling the Project:

  • Using the poster board as the base, score the center approximately 3-5 inches from the top of the board.
  • In the undivided portion of the board, label the project. (Example: “Building a Library, Now and in Ancient Rome.”)
  • In the divided sections, label one area “Now.” Label the other side, “Then.”
  • Under “Then,” paste or draw pictures from the internet or magazines showing marble temples, the Coliseum, aqueducts, arches, etc. Find images of blocks of marble, crude bricks, stone and simple hand tools. Duplicate the “Now” side with glass and steel buildings, modern architecture, elevators, and the machinery available today.
  • Arrange, sketch, embellish and make the piece uniquely your own.

#6 It also excelled in siege warfare

Though the Romans preferred warfare in open field, as the necessity arose they also became adept in siege warfare. In a typical Roman siege, if an initial attack failed to bring immediate victory, forces were sent to surround the city. This included a naval blockade. This was done to force the opposition to surrender due to starvation, lack of water etc. To prepare for an attack, the Roman army built siege towers whose heights were equal or a bit more than the walls of the city. Siege towers protected the army and ladders while they approached the defensive walls. They also allowed the archers to stand on top of the tower and shoot arrows into the fortification. Roman siege weapons include the ballista, a catapult used for hurling large stones the carroballista, which fired heavy arrows, bolts or smaller stones and had two arms like a crossbow and an onager, a small catapult. Apart from siege towers and sophisticated weapons, Romans remarkable success at sieges was enabled by superior logistics to ensure long-term supply and mastery of the seas.

Welcome to Ancient Roman History Revival

  • 72,741 welcome visitors to the new site, including yourself. The old site had well over 2,000,000 visits! Thank you so much! Procopius Canning

“Sort of like Wakanda, only real.”
Procopius Canning

Black Lives Have Always Mattered! Get ready for one of the most fascinating ancient history books that you have ever read! This book explores the important and substantial role of Blacks and Black culture in Classical Civilizations. Its contents will surely surprise you!

Blacks had a far more prominent role in the ancient world than many people today realize. This book will take you from the ancient Black kingdom of Numidia, and its warrior king Jugurtha, who came close to defeating the ancient Roman empire, to sub-Saharan Africa in ancient time, where wild beasts were collected for gladiatorial games, and Pygmies had supposed magical powers.

You will explore Blacks in ancient art history, learn about the powerful ancient Kushite Kingdom, that once ruled Egypt, and meet ancient Black history’s most important historian, Dr. Frank Martin Snowden Jr., and much more! The truth is better than fiction, please be prepared to be amazed!

Roman theatre, Gades - History

What was a Roman Amphitheatre used for?

The amphitheatre was the centre of entertainment in Roman times. It was a place where Roman citizens went to watch fights between gladiators and wild animals, such as bears or lions. The bloodier the battle, the more the crowd roared. The fighters were slaves or criminals whose punishment was to risk a most gruesome death.

These fights were so popular that schools were set up to train ordinary men as special fighters known as gladiators.

Where was the largest Roman Amphitheatre?

The largest amphitheatre in the empire was the Colosseum.

It could seat up to 50,000 people at once.

From the ruins of the Colosseum, archaeologists have put together an idea of what happened at these fights.

© Copyright - please read
All the materials on these pages are free for homework and classroom use only. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the author Mandy Barrow.

©Copyright Mandy Barrow 2013

I teach computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.

Watch the video: Ancient Rome: Theatre of Pompey HD