Thomas De La Warr

Thomas De La Warr


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Thomas De La Warr, the son of Thomas West, the 11th Baron De La Warr, was born in England on 9th July, 1577. Warr and 150 settlers arrived in Jamestown on 10th June, 1610. He was appointed governor of Virginia and organised the of two forts near the mouth of James River. After reorganizing Jamestown he appointed Samuel Argall as his deputy and returned to England.

In 1611 De La Warr published Relation, an account of the Virginia settlement. When news reached De La Warr about Argall's tyrannical rule in Virginia he decided to return to America. Thomas De La Warr died at sea on 7th June, 1618. Delaware Bay, the Delaware River and the state of Delaware have all been named after De La Warr.


De La Warr Pavilion History

The De La Warr Pavilion is the most famous building in Bexhill. It was the first welded steel frame building in this country and one of the best early examples of the International Modernist style.

The pavilion was championed by the 9th Earl De La Warr, who became Bexhill's first Socialist mayor in 1932.


The 9th Earl De La Warr

Before the De La Warr Pavilion was built, Bexhill's main entertainment venue was the Kursaal on De La Warr Parade. This had been built by the 8th Earl De La Warr in 1896 and was originally intended to be a pier, but it was never extended out to sea.

The Kursaal, under its most famous manager, James Glover, provided high-class entertainment for the town's elite and its wealthy visitors.

During the first world war it was renamed the The Pavilion, after one of the national newspapers declared it a scandal that an English resort should have a building with a German name.

There had been demand within Bexhill for a new pavilion or 'winter garden' since about 1907 this was partly met by the development of Central Parade in 1910 and the opening of the Colonnade in 1911 but there was still the need for an enclosed structure. As mayor in 1930 Cllr A. Turner Laing had also proposed a £50,000 pavilion scheme behind the Colonnade, and plans were drawn up by the firm of Tubbs and Messer. But the project was not implemented.

In April 1933 the 9th Earl De La Warr proposed a new £50,000 scheme for an entertainment hall on the former coastguard site behind the Colonnade. Through shrewd politics and public consultation the project received overwhelming support from the town. Regarding the project the 9th Earl De La Warr commented: "we all of us want to maintain the existing character of the town but we believe that we can make more of our existing resources".

The Earl was determined that the Pavilion should be publicly funded and not a private venture, saying: "my own view is that if it is going to pay private enterprise it is going to pay the town".

It was decided to ask the RIBA to hold a competition to design the new building and the choice of judge was made by its president Sir Raymond Unwin. He selected Thomas S. Tait, who was respected by established architects but was also known to be sympathetic towards the ideals of new 'modernist' architects. The Bexhill Borough Council prepared a tight brief that indicated that a modern building was required and that "heavy stonework is not desirable".


The Pavilion Under Construction

The competition was announced in The Architects Journal of 7 September 1933, with a closing date of 4 December 1933. Two hundred and thirty designs were submitted and they were exhibited at the York Hall in London Road, from 6 February to 13 February 1934.

The results were announced in the Architects Journal of 8 February 1934 and the £150 first prize was won by Erich Mendelsohn and Serge Chermayeff.


The De La Warr Pavilion in 1935

It was decided to apply to the Ministry of Health for a loan of £80,000 to cover the cost of the project. However, only £70,000 was given, eventually resulting in the abandonment of the plan to redevelop the Colonnade, a swimming pool and modernist statue. Building work began in January 1935 and the De La Warr Pavilion was opened on 12 December 1935, by the Duke and Duchess of York.

The modern style of the building was a shock to many of Bexhill's inhabitants and there was some resentment over the cost of the project this resulted in the 9th Earl De La warr turning down the offer of Freedom of the Borough in June 1936.

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Thomas De La Warr - History

Four hundred years ago this month, in March 1610, a fellow named Thomas West but more properly called Thomas, Baron De La Warr (or Warre), who had lately been appointed governor and captain general of the Virginia Company’s colony in North America, set sail from England with three ships full of some 400 colonists and supplies. The little fleet arrived at the Jamestown settlement in June and found it on the point of giving up.

“Arrival of Lord del la Warr” in Jamestown (U.S. National Park Service)

The previous winter had been a terrible one for the original band of settlers. Captain John Smith, he of the famous Pocahontas tale, later wrote of that winter in his Generall Historie of Virginia:

Nay, so great was our famine that a savage we slew and buried, the poorer sort took him up again and ate him and so did diverse one another boiled and stewed with roots and herbs. And one among the rest did kill his wife, powdered [salted] her, and had eaten part of her before it was known for which he was executed, as he well deserved. Now, whether she was better roasted, boiled, or carbonadoed [broiled], I know not but of such a dish as powdered wife I never heard.

This was that time, which still to this day, we called the starving time. It were too vile to say, and scarce to be believed, what we endured but the occasion was our own for want of providence, industry, and government, and not the barrenness and defect of the country, as is generally supposed.

De La Warr promptly took command of the bedraggled settlement, imposed a strict regime on the colonists, had fortifications built, and sent to Bermuda and England for further assistance. The next year, leaving the settlement under the command of his deputy, Samuel Argall, he returned to England, where he published his Relation of the Right Honourable the Lord De-la-Warre, Lord Governour and Captaine Generall of the Colonie, planted in Virginea. In 1618 he set sail once again for Virginia but died while at sea and was buried there.

With that knack for simplified spelling that has long been an American trait, later settlers in North America gave the name Delaware to a bay, to a river, and ultimately to a whole colony that from 1787 claimed distinction as “the first state.”


1618: Lord De La Warr, after whom the State of Delaware was Named

Lord De La Warr was a colonial governor in the territory of what is now the United States. He governed over Virginia, the first permanent American colony in North America.

He had the title of Baron De La Warr, which he inherited from his father. Note that all English barons are commonly referred to as lords.

Lord De La Warr sailed to North America in 1610, just at a time when local British colonists, pressed by difficulties, thought about leaving the colony and returning to Great Britain.

Namely, the relations between British colonists in America and the local indigenous population (Indians) were troublesome.

The daughter of the head Indian chief was the famous princess Pocahontas. Before the arrival of Lord De La Warr, the Indians managed to kill the British colony leader John Ratcliffe.

It seems that Lord De La Warr, as the new governor of Virginia, managed to overcome the Indians. This enabled British colonists to stay and the British authorities in America to stabilize.

Lord De La Warr then returned to England, leaving his deputies in Virginia. It is interesting that one of these deputies – Samuel Argall – soon kidnapped Princess Pocahontas.

She was converted to Christianity and married to Englishman John Rolfe. Later, she and her husband moved to England, where she died.

When Lord De La Warr was informed of abuses by his deputies, he personally headed back to Virginia. However, he died on the ship during the voyage across the ocean, precisely on this day in 1618.


West Family History–The First Step

I begin by offering a disclaimer that what I will write here is based solely on my limited research about our family’s history. I invite you to write your comments, and I welcome any changes or additions that you suggest. This should be a West family project!

Betty Birdsong Joyner loved genealogy, and in the back of the West family cookbook that Nancy Birdsong Joyner Stewart spearheaded, you will find a recent family tree. So thank you, Betty and Nancy!

Some history first. I bought a subscription to ancestry.com in February 2014, but after a few months I dropped it because it was expensive. During the time that I had an active account, I imported a public family tree put together by P. Herbert West and began adding to it, so the tree is 90% his. While I do not have an active Ancestry account now, I have been able to continue to modify the tree without full use of hints that a subscription entitles you to. (At some point I might re-activate it.)

The first couple in the tree is Thomas West I (1251-?) and Charolette West (1260-1287), so this is a more “ancient” tree that grows down to Gommie and Daddy West. After you access the tree, navigating through it is not intuitive, so here are some hints:

Hint 1: You can click and drag the tree.

Hint 2: In the lower left corner, you will see a box with a diagram. Clicking and dragging the white rectangle on the boxes will also move you through the tree.

Hint 3: I have focused primarily on the paternal West side of the tree, so clicking on the black arrows above and below the blue boxes (blue for male, pink for female) in the tree should help you to move through it.


Descendants of Sir Thomas West, 2nd Lord de la Warr

The purpose of this project is to trace the descendants of Sir Thomas West, many of whom were influential in the creation of the American colonies. His son and heir, Thomas West, 3rd Baron de la Warr (1577 – 1618) was the Englishman after whom the bay, the river, and, consequently, an American Indian people and U.S. state, all later called �laware“, were named.

Overview

Thomas West, 2nd and 11th Baron De La Warr (c. 1556 – 24 March 1601/1602) was a member of Queen Elizabeth I's Privy Council and High Sheriff of Hampshire. Thomas was the only son of William West, 1st Baron De La Warr and Lady Elizabeth Strange, who had been created Baron De La Warr in 1597 by letters patent.

On 19 November 1571 Sir Thomas married Anne Knollys, daughter of Sir Francis Knollys and Catherine Carey. The couple had thirteen children, many of whom rose to prominent positions. Their children were:

  • Walsingham West, died young.
  • Elizabeth West, born on 11 September 1573 in Wherwell, Hampshire, England, and died on 12 January 1632.
  • Robert West (b. 1574), married Elizabeth Coks. Predeceased his father.
  • Margarey West (b. 1576), married Samuel Johnson.
  • Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr (1577�) married Lady Cicely Shirley.
  • Lettice West (b. 1579), married Sir Henry Ludlow.
  • Anne West (b. 1581), married John Pellet (Esq.).
  • Penelope West (born Sussex, 9 September 1582), married Herbert Pelham, Esq. stepson of her sister Elizabeth.
  • Catherine West (b. 1583), married Nickolas Strelby.
  • Francis West, Governor of Virginia (b. 1586-1634), married (1) Lady Margaret Reeves (2) Lady Jane Davye and (3) Lady Temperance Flowerdew
  • Helena West (b. 1587), married William Savage.
  • John West, Governor of Virginia (1590�). It is said he married Anne Percy, daughter of George Percy, but this is debated.
  • Nathaniel West (Lt. Col.) (1592-1623/1624), born on November 30 and died in Virginia, married Frances Greville.

Descendants of Sir Thomas served as governor of Virginia. They married into such prominent families as the Shirleys of Virginia and the Saltonstalls of Massachusetts.


Warr History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Warr is a name of ancient Anglo-Saxon origin and comes from the family once having lived near a dam or weir on a river. Warr is a local surname, which belongs to the category of hereditary surnames. Other types of local surnames include topographic surnames, which could be given to a person who lived beside any physical feature, such as a hill, stream, church or type of tree. Habitation names form the other broad category of surnames that were derived from place-names. They were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Other local names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties. This surname comes from the Old English words wær and wer, which mean dam, or weir. The surname Warr may also refer to people who came from a place named Ware. A third interpretation of the derivation of this surname comes from the Old English word, war(e), which means wary, or cautious. In this sense, the surname would have been given to someone who was of a cautious disposition. Members of the Warr family settled in Devon, prior to the Norman Conquest of 1066.

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Early Origins of the Warr family

The surname Warr was first found in Devon where the first record of the family was Herebertus la Guerre in the Pipe Rolls of 1179. A few years later, John la Werre, la Guerre was listed in the Pipe Rolls of 1187 and 1195 in Gloucestershire. The name was "originally de la werre, de la guerre, 'of the war', a warrior." [1]

"It was formerly prefixed by the particles De la, as in the ancient family De la Warr." [2]

"Sir Roger de la Warr, the third Baron, son and successor of John la Warr, one of the commanders of Cressy, shared himself in the glory Poictiers, and took a leading part in the capture of the French king. With reference to this exploit, it is recorded that much contention took place, as he defended himself with great valour and the pressure upon him becoming great, such as knew him cried out, 'Sir, surrender, or you are dead' where- upon he yielded, according to Froisard, to Sir Dennis Morbeck, a knight of Artois, in the English service but being forced from that captain, more than ten knights and esquires claimed the honour of taking the royal prisoner. Among these, the pretensions of Sir Roger la Warr, and Sir John Pelham (ancestor of the Pelhams, Dukes of Newcastle, and of the Lords Yarborough and Pelham) having been acknowledged the strongest, Lord de la Warre had, in commemoration of so valiant an exploit, the crampet, or chape, of the captive prince's sword and Sir John Pelham had the buckle of a belt as a memento of the same achievement. His lordship continued for several years after Poictiers in the French wars, and acquired in every campaign an augmentation of renown. " [3]

"William de la War, and Amabel his wife, occur in 1194 in Surrey and Warwickshire (Rotuli Curiae Regis). Dugdale commences the pedigree with John La Warre, who about twelve years afterwards received from King John the Manor of Bristolton, a part of the Honour of Gloucester, and died in 1212. His son Jordan joined the revolt of the Barons, and though he returned to his allegiance in 1215, Fulk de Bréant and William de Cantilupe being sureties for 'his future Fidelity,' was again in arms against the Crown in his old age, and only made his peace after the 'murder of Evesham, for battle,' says one chronicler, 'none it was.' A second Sir John de la Warr, styled junior, and most probably his brother, was one of the two wardens of Kenilworth Castle, and was slain by an arrow shot during the siege." [4]

Another source claims the name was Norman in origin: "from Gar or Garde, near Corbeil, Isle of France. Ingelram de Warda occurs in Northamptonshire 1130, and Ralph de Gar in Norfolk, temp. Henry II. In 1296 and 1280 Stephen de Ware and Thomas de Ware are mentioned as holding fiefs [in Norfolk.] From the latter descended the Lords of Tottington, Pickenham and Dudlington." [5]

The Subsidy Rolls of 1327 list Henry atte Warr and the Lancashire Feet of Fines list John la Warre in 1310. [6]


Thomas De La Warr - History

Thomas WEST 3rd Baron de la Warr (1577 – 1618) (Wikipedia) was the Englishman after whom the bay, the river, and, consequently, an American Indian people and U.S. state, all later called “Delaware“, were named. He was Alex’s 11th Great Grandfather one of 4,096 in this generation of the Miller line.

Baron de la Warr Coat of Arms

Thomas West was born 9 Jul 1577 in Wherwell Hampshire, England. His parents were Thomas WEST , 2nd Baron De La Warr, of Wherwell Abbey in Hampshire, and, Anne KNOLLYS. daughter of Sir Francis Knollys and Catherine Carey. He married Cicely SHIRLEY 25 Nov 1602 in St. Dunstan’s. Thomas died 7 Jun 1618 enroute to Virginia on the Neptune offshore Nova Scotia. In 2006, research had concluded that his body was brought to Jamestown for burial. A grave site thought by researchers to contain the remains of Captain Bartholomew Gosnold may instead contain those of Baron De La Warr.

Thomas West Lord De La Warr

Cicely Shirely was born about 1580 in Wiston, Sussex, England. Her parents were Sir Thomas SHIRLEY and Anne KEMPE. Cicely died 31 Jul 1662

Only four Children of Thomas and Cicely are confirmed by Peerage.com:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Hon. Robert West Elizabeth Coch
2. Sir Henry West (4th Baron of De la Warr) 3 Oct 1603
Burgh Wallis, Yorkshire, England
Isabella Edwards
Mar 1625 in Brussels, Belgium
1 Jun 1628
Southampton, Hampshire, England
3. Anne West ? c. 1605
Southampton, Hampshire, England
Christopher Swale
1629 in Southampton, England
c. 1660
Southampton, England
4. Elizabeth West ? 1606
Southampton, England
Herbert Pelham
1627 in Southampton, England
c. 1660
Southampton, England
5. Hon. Cecily West c. 1609
Southampton, England
Sir Francis Bindloss
1629
Borwick Hall, Lancashire, England
.
Sir John Byron
1626 in Southampton, England
Feb 1638
Southampton, England
6. Hon Lucy West c. 1611
Newstead, Nottinghamshire, England
Col. Robert Byron
1634 Nottinghamshire, England
c. 1660
Southampton, England
7. John West ? 1615
Sussex, England
Mary Taft
Before 1641
Ipswich, Mass
6 Oct 1683
Ipswich, Mass
8. Twyford WEST ? 22 Dec 1616 in Brinkhill, Lincolnshire, England. Mary CROSS
1651 in Rowley, Mass.
Jan 1684 in Ipswich, Essex, Mass.
9. Catherine West ? c. 1618
Southampton, England
c. 1660
Southampton, England

Thomas West Baron De la Warr

Thomas West received his education at Queen’s College, Oxford where he did not complete his course, but subsequently (1605) received the degree of M.A. In 1597 he was elected member of parliament for Lymington, and subsequently fought in Holland and in Ireland under the Robert Devereux 2nd Earl of Essex, being knighted for bravery in battle in 1599. He was imprisoned for complicity in Essex’s revolt (1600-1601), but was soon released and exonerated. In 1602 he succeeded to his father’s title and estates and became a privy councillor. Becoming interested in schemes for the colonization of America, he was chosen a member of the council of the Virginia Company in 1609, and in the same year was appointed governor and captain-general of Virginia for life.

Arrival of Thomas West, Lord de la Warr in Jamestown

After the Powhatans murdered the colony’s governor, Lord Ratcliffe, and attacked the colony in the first First Anglo-Powhatan War, Lord De La Warr led the reinforcement of Virginia. Sailing in March 161o with three ships, 150 settlers and supplies, he himself bearing the greater part of the expense of the expedition,

Even with the arrival of the two small ships from Bermuda under Captain Christopher Newport, the colonists were faced with abandoning Jamestown and returning to England. On June 7, 1610, both groups of survivors (from Jamestown and Bermuda) boarded ships, and they all set sail down the James River toward the Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic Ocean. On June 9, 1610, Lord De La Warr and his party arrived on the James River shortly after the Deliverance and Patience had abandoned Jamestown. Intercepting them about 10 miles downstream from Jamestown near Mulberry Island, the new governor forced the remaining 90 settlers to return, thwarting their plans to abandon the colony. Deliverance and Patience turned back, and all the settlers were landed again at Jamestown.

As a veteran of English campaigns against the Irish, De La Warr employed “Irish tactics” against the Indians: troops raided villages, burned houses, torched cornfields, and stole provisions these tactics, identical to those practiced by the Powhatan themselves, proved effective. He had been given instructions by The London Virginia Company to kidnap Native American children. These instructions also sanctioned attacking Iniocasoockes, the cultural leaders of the local Powhatans. The campaign ended the Powhatan siege and resulted in the marriage of Pocahontas and John Rolfe which introduced a short period of truce between the English and the Powhatan Confederacy. Although the truce was a short one, it allowed the English to fully secure the colony’s fortifications and housing, expand its farming, develop a network of alliances with other Indian nations, and establish a series of outlying smaller settlements.

Lord De La Warr’s rule was strict but just he constructed two forts near the mouth of the James river, rebuilt Jamestown, and in general brought order out of chaos. West became so ill that in March 1611 he sailed home to England. He published a book at the request of the company’s council , about the conditions of affairs in Virgina: The Relation of the Right Honourable the Lord De-La-Warre, of the Colonie, Planted in Virginia (reprinted 1859 and 1868). He remained in England, though still the nominal governor, until 1618, when the news of the tyrannical rule of the deputy, Samuel Argall, led him to start again for Virginia. Our ancestor, Twyford West was born in 1616. He embarked in April, but died en route on the 7th of June 1618, and it was thought for many years that he had been buried in the Azores or at sea. In 2006, research concluded that his body was brought to Jamestown for burial. A grave site thought by researchers to contain the remains of Captain Bartholomew Gosnold may instead contain those of Baron De La Warr.

Because of his health, West did not spend much time in Virginia, but he was the single largest investor and his extended family was quite prominent in the colonization of North America. His uncles were the privateers who had sailed in the Roanoke voyages, Captain Francis and Henry Knollys. His Aunt Leticce Knollys was the mother of the Earl of Essex , and wife of the Earl of Leicester .

His brothers John West and Francis West both became Virginia Governors. Francis West settled Westover, which was on the upper James River in Virginia. Berkeley Plantation was sandwiched between Westover and Shirley’s plantation, all established between 1613 and 1619. His sister was married to the Pelhams whose children were instrumental in the colonization of New England.

1. Hon. Robert West

Robert’s wife Elizabeth Coch was born

2. Sir Henry West (4th Baron of De la Warr)

Henry’s wife Isabella Edmunds was born Nov 1607 in Brussels, Belgium. Her parents were Sir. Thomas Edmunds and [__?__]. Isabella died 24 Dec 1677 in Southampton, England.

Sir Henry died on 1 June 1628 at age 24. He succeeded to the title of 4th Baron Delaware [E., 1570] on 7 June 1618. 2 He gained the rank of Captain in 1624 in the service of the Earl of Oxford’s Regiment of Foot.

3. Anne West

Anne’s husband Christopher Swale was born 1605 in Swineshead, Lincolnshire, England. Christopher died 5 Sep 1645 in Southampton, England.

4. Elizabeth West

Elizabeth’s husband Herbert Pelham was born 1602 in Swineshead, Lincolnshire, England. Herbert died 1660 in Southampton, England

5. Hon. Cecily West

Cecily’s first husband Sir Francis Bindloss (Bindlose) was born 9 Apr 1603 in Borwick, Lancashire, England. His parents were Sir Robert Bindlosse. and [__?__]. Sir Francis died 26 Jul 1629 in Borwick, Lancashire, England.

Cecily’s second husband Sir John Byron was born 1600 in Dutton, Cheshire, England. His parents were Sir John Byron and Anne Molyneux. After Cecily died, he married 1644 in Dutton, Cheshire, England to Hon. Eleanor Needham, daughter of Robert Needham, 2nd Viscount Kilmorey and Eleanor Dutton. (b. 1629 in Dutton, Cheshire, England – d. 26 Jan 1664 in Chester, Cheshire, England). Sir John died 23 Aug 1652 in Paris, France without issue.

John Byronwas created 1st Baron Byron of Rochdale, co. Lancaster [England] on 24 October 1643, with a special remainder to each of his brothers .

He matriculated at Trinity College, Cambridge University, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England, in 1615 and graduated in 1618 with a Master of Arts (M.A.). He was Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Nottingham from 1624 to 1625. He was Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Nottingham in 1626. He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Bath (K.B.) in February 1625/26. He was Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Nottinghamshire from 1628 to 1629. He held the office of High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire from 1634 to 1635. He held the office of Gentleman of the Bedchamber. He held the office of Lieutenant of the Tower of London in 1641. He fought in the Battle of Edgehill in 1642, where he commanded the Royalist reserve. He was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Civil Laws (D.C.L.) by Oxford Terrace, Paddington, London, England, on 1 Nov 1642. He gained the rank of Field Marshal in the service of the Royalist forces of Cheshire, Shropshire, Worcestershire and North Wales. He was Governor to James, Duke of York between 1646 and 1652, later King James II. He held the office of Governor of Chester before February 1645/46, until its capture by Parliamentarian forces. In June 1646 he capitulated to the Parliamentarians as the Royalist commander of Carnarvon Castle..

6. Hon Lucy West

Lucy’s husband Col. Robert Byron was born 1611 in Newstead, England. His parents were Sir John Byron and Anne Molyneux. Robert died 1664 in Southhampton, England

He held the office of Governor of Liverpool. He gained the rank of Colonel in the service of the Royalist infantry forces. He fought in the English Civil War.

7. John West

John’s wife Mary Taft was born in 1615 in England. Mary died 2 Apr 1675 in Beverly, Essex, Mass.


Virginial: A Royal Colony

1625: King James I died and was succeeded by his son, Charles I.

1628: The first General Assembly authorized by Charles I. These early assemblies gave most attention to Indians, defense, religion, tobacco, and taxes.

1630: A plan of government was adopted in Connecticut (charter granted 1662).

1630s: A large influx of primarily male indentured servants flooded into Virginia to work tobacco fields. They formed the majority of the population.

Severe factionalism developed regarding John Harvey as governor.

1632-1644: A period of official peace between the English and the Powhatan Indians was marred by hostile incidents, mainly by the English.

1634: Virginia was divided into eight shires, which later became counties, and the colonial office of sheriff was created.

Lord Baltimore established the colony of Maryland, which attracted numerous Catholics. Maryland&rsquos production of tobacco drove prices and profit down for the colonies.

1639: Jamestown grew. The first brick church was started.

1641: Sir William Berkeley was appointed governor of Virginia and arrived in the colony the following year.

1644: With English plantations spreading throughout Tidewater Virginia the Powhatan Indians were pushed west toward the fall line or into marginal areas like swamps. Opechancanough led another uprising of the Powhatan Indians, killing about 500 colonists. War with the Indians continued for nearly two years.

Rhode Island was chartered by Roger Williams.

1646: Opechancanough was captured and killed at Jamestown. A treaty of peace was made with the Indians, thus ending the Anglo-Powhatan war. Most of Tidewater Virginia was opened up to the English. Several small reservations were set aside by the English authorities for the various Powhatan tribes. Necotowance was the new Powhatan leader.

1649-1660: Civil war erupted in England, with the beheading of King Charles I and the victory of Oliver Cromwell, who instituted parliamentary control. Virginia remained loyal to the Crown and royalist forces but was forced to submit to the Commonwealth government in England in 1652. Governor Berkeley, a strong supporter of the King, withdrew to Green Spring, his home near Jamestown, and Richard Bennett became governor.

1660: With the restoration of the monarchy, William Berkeley again became governor.

1662: A law passed by the General Assembly required Indians to wear silver or copper badges, inscribed with their tribe&rsquos name when they entered certain areas occupied by the English.

The General Assembly passed legislation stating that children born in Virginia shall be bond or free according to the condition of the mother.

1667: The General Assembly passed a law that the conferring of baptism does not alter the condition of a slave.

1669: The General Assembly passed a law that if a slave resisting his master is killed by the severity of the correction, his death shall not be considered a felony. It was reasoned that the slave owner would not intentionally destroy his own property.

1660s: Over-production of tobacco caused prices to fall. Attempts were made throughout the decade to limit tobacco production in an effort to raise prices. Because Maryland refused to cooperate, competition kept the prices down, driving out all but the larger planters.

North Carolina was established as a proprietary province.

1660s-1670s: Dutch ships destroyed Virginia tobacco ships in the colony during the Anglo-Dutch War.

1670: The General Assembly passed a law that no free Indians or negroes could purchase Christian servants.

1676: Jamestown was burned during Bacon&rsquos Rebellion, in which the aggressive Nathaniel Bacon led an insurrection against established government for its weak Indian policy.

1677, May 29: A treaty was made at Middle Plantation with the Indians who had been under attack. The Indians ceded their lands and were confined to small reservations for which an annual tribute was paid to the colony. The Indians acknowledged they were subjects of the King of England.

1679: Jamestown was restored as the seat of government after Bacon&rsquos Rebellion.

1680: Pennsylvania was established as a proprietary colony by William Penn. Delaware also began as a proprietary colony.

1682: Planters held tobacco plant cutting riots, in an attempt to force tobacco prices back up.

1691: A new law outlawed marriages between the English and Indians. Indian lands continued to be taken away due to English expansion.


Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr

Thomas West, 3rd and 12th Baron De La Warr (July 6, 1577 - June 7, 1618) was an English-American politician, for whom the bay, the river, and consequently, a Native American people, and U.S. state, were named.

West was born on July 6, 1577 in Hampshire, England as the son of Thomas West, 2nd Baron De La Warr and Anne Knollys. He received his education at Queen's College, Oxford. He served in the army and in 1601, was charged with supporting Essex's ill-fated insurrection against Queen Elizabeth, but he was acquitted of those charges. He succeeded his father as Baron De La Warr, in 1602, and became a member of the Privy Council. After the Powhatans had tea with the colony's Council President, John Ratcliffe, and attacked the colony in the First Anglo-Powhatan War, West headed the contingent of 150 men who landed in Jamestown, Virginia, on June 10, 1610. His arrival came just in time to persuade the original settlers not to give up and go home to England.

As a veteran of destructive English campaigns against the Irish, West employed those scorched earth tactics against the Native Americans: troops raided villages, burned houses, torched cornfields, and stole provisions. These tactics, identical to those practiced by the Powhatan themselves, proved effective. He was appointed governor-for-life (and captain-general) of Virginia, and he outfitted their three ships and recruited and equipped those men at his own expense. In 1611, he returned to England and published a book about Virginia. He remained the nominal governor, and received complaints about his successor's tyranny in governing them for him.

To investigate charges of tyranny, West set sail for Virginia again in 1618. He died at sea on June 7, en route to Virginia. His body was brought to Jamestown for burial.


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Comments:

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