Bahrain's history emerges from the ground

Bahrain's history emerges from the ground


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More than 4,000 years ago, Dilmun's merchants traveled from Mesopotamia to the Indus River, referents of commerce and culture before the rise of the Ottoman or Persian empires.

For a millennium, the Dilmún civilization it was dedicated to the commerce with pearls and copper, activity that lasted until South Asia vanished in the earth. It was not discovered until the 50s of the last century, when a group of Danish archaeologists began excavations. Currently, with Bahrain mired in a political crisis between Sunni conflicts and the majority Shiites, the connection to ancient Dilmun is one of the few symbols of the island. It is also a look at life before Islam in a region with few places whose culture has celebrations and festivities prior to the time of the Prophet Mohamed.

A distinctive feature of the Dilmún civilization were its burial mounds, which can still be observed, even under threat.

In the ancient settlement of Saar, about 10 kilometers southwest of Bahrain's capital Manama, archaeologist and researcher Abdul Aziz Suwalih worries about modern development that has mined burial mounds. For this reason, it has been proposed that this region be named as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Bahrain was famous for boasting the largest cemetery in the world with more than 100,000 niches. “We now have about 60,000”, Declared Suwalih, who intends to promote the protection of this heritage.

Bahrain last year hosted a UNESCO conference that discussed the preservation of burial mounds and other remnants of the Dilmun civilization, as well as set guidelines for future excavations and explorations.

The excavations of the Saar settlement began in 1990 and ended nine years later. They were made by the London and Bahrain Archaeological Expedition, although in reality there are still remains to be explored.

According to Suwalih, it is the only Dilmún settlement that has been extensively investigated by archaeologists.

I am currently studying Journalism and Audiovisual Communication at the Rey Juan Carlos University, which has made me inclined towards the international section, including the study of languages. For this reason, I do not rule out teaching myself. I also like to practice physical exercise and spend a pleasant time chatting with my acquaintances and with new people. Finally, I enjoy traveling to know the authentic culture of each region of the world, although I admit that before I need to find out as much as possible about the place I'm going to visit, to fully enjoy the experience.


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