Biography of Pythagoras of Samos

Biography of Pythagoras of Samos


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Who was Pythagoras of Samos?

Pythagoras of Samos *, was a Greek philosopher and mathematician founder of the philosophical and religious movement called Pythagoreanism, born around 570 B.C.

Son of the merchant Mnesarchus and Pythais who, while pregnant, was prophesied by a fortune teller that she would give birth to a man who is beautiful, wise and beneficial to humanity.

Pythagoras He made numerous trips throughout his life visiting Egypt, Arabia, Phenicia, Judea Babylon and even India with the aim of acquiring great knowledge and to acquire a large amount of information about the secret or mystical cults of the gods.

Many of the mathematical and scientific discoveries were attributed to Pythagoras, including his famous Pythagoras theorem, However he also made discoveries in the field of music, astronomy and medicine.

Its famous geometry theorem It is based on the fact that in a right triangle the area of ​​the square of the hypotenuse (side opposite the right angle) is equal to the sum of the squares of the other sides.

But nevertheless, This theorem was already used previously by Babylonians and Indians and due to the secretive nature of his school there is no evidence that Pythagoras worked on the theorem or proved it.

After making a great multitude of trips, Pythagoras moved to Croton, Italy, in 530 BC, possibly due to the tyranny of Polycrates of Samos who made it difficult for him to achieve his plans in his hometown.

His later admirers claimed that Pythagoras was so overloaded with public functions at Samos that he therefore moved to Croton. Upon his arrival in the new city, he quickly achieved great influence over multitudes of people who began to follow him.

Later, through the effects of a strong and eloquent speech in Croton, he caused the people to abandon their luxurious and corrupt life for a purer one.

According to some writings, Pythagoras married Teano who lived in Croton and had a son named Telauges and three daughters named Damo, Arignote, and Myia.

Pythagoreanism and the Pythagoreans

His followers created a brotherhood in order to carry out their religious practices. The esoteric teachings may have affected religious doctrines and customs that were surely of great importance in the pythagorean system and they were probably related to the cult of the god Apollo.

The club that finally took place performed the functions of philosophical school, religious brotherhood and political association. The exclusivity of the club made many people jealous and hostile so that was probably the reason for its destruction.

After a conflict between the cities of Sybaris and Croton the building in which many of the followers gathered was burned down and countless men were killed. Similar situations arose all over the Magna Grecia in places where Pythagoras clubs had been located. The Pythagorean order was suppressed everywhere and never resurfaced.

Even so, the Pythagoreans continued to exist as a sect maintaining their religious and scientific practices.

As for what happened to himself Pythagoras There are different versions, some say that he died in the temple with his disciples, however, other accounts that fled to Tarentum from where he was expelled and made to go to Metaponto finally dying of hunger and this last city being where his tomb is.

* Samos is the name by which the island on which he was born is known, located in the eastern Aegean Sea)

I was born in Madrid on August 27, 1988 and since then I started a work of which there is no example. Fascinated by both numbers and letters and a lover of the unknown, that is why I am a future graduate in Economics and Journalism, interested in understanding life and the forces that have shaped it. Everything is easier, more useful and more exciting if, with a look at our past, we can improve our future and for that… History.


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